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Are You In A Crisis Right Now?

Is Suicide Decriminalised?

Has the country decriminalised suicide, with clear legal frameworks and policy positions?


Are Crisis Lines Available?

Is free, confidential support from a helpline or hotline available? Status provided by find a helpline.


National Suicide Prevention Strategy?

Is there a national suicide prevention strategy, such as from the WHO, and does include decriminalisation, if known?


Population in Need of Support Per Year

Based on the WHO likely attempted suicide rate.

As a calculation of population size against suicide rate

Strength Of Support (Local Qualitative Assessment)

Political Support

Civil Society Support

Religious / Cultural Support

Legislative Activity

Suicide Rate Per 100K Per Year, all Sexes (SDG 3.4.2)

per 100,000
WHO 2019 for SDG 3.4.2. Global average 1 per 100,000

Suicide Deaths Per Year (By Population)

per annum
As a calculation of population size against suicide rate

Afghanistan, officially known as the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is home to diverse ethnic groups, including Pashtuns, Tajiks, Hazaras, Uzbeks, and many others. The country's culture and legal systems are underpinned by Islamic traditions and a rich tapestry of its ethnic diversity.

The country has a unique blend of legal systems, including Islamic Law (Sharia), Customary Law, and elements of Statute Law. These legal systems overlap and influence daily life and governance. Criminalising suicide is a punitive measure that perpetuates stigma and hinders providing appropriate mental health support to individuals in crisis.

Page two of the National Suicide Prevention Strategy (NSPS) delivered in February 2019 says, "Suicide is a criminal act in Islamic 'Sharia' and also in the Afghani Civil and Criminal laws." On page fourteen, it adds, "Suicide is a criminal act by SHAREA law, Civil and Criminal law so more advocacy is needed to decriminalise suicide act."

Efforts have been made to reform these laws and align them with contemporary mental health and well-being. The World Health Organization (WHO) advocates for the decriminalisation of suicide and suicide attempts. Finding out more and removing such laws removes stigma and allows avenues for providing appropriate mental health support to individuals in crisis.

Criminalising suicide punishes distress. Decriminalising suicide saves lives.

This country profile has been compiled from available research and verified as well as possible. If you wish to supply clarifications, updates, feedback, facts or data, please use the Contact Us form on this page. And if you want your country to take ownership of managing and sharing this information, and progress being made, please register your interest in participating via our Get Involved form.