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Are You In A Crisis Right Now?

Is Suicide Decriminalised?

Has the country decriminalised suicide, with clear legal frameworks and policy positions?


Are Crisis Lines Available?

Is free, confidential support from a helpline or hotline available? Status provided by find a helpline.


National Suicide Prevention Strategy?

Is there a national suicide prevention strategy, such as from the WHO, and does include decriminalisation, if known?


Population in Need of Support Per Year

Based on the WHO likely attempted suicide rate.

As a calculation of population size against suicide rate

Strength Of Support (Local Qualitative Assessment)

Political Support

Civil Society Support

Religious / Cultural Support

Legislative Activity

Suicide Rate Per 100K Per Year, all Sexes (SDG 3.4.2)

per 100,000
WHO 2019 for SDG 3.4.2. Global average 1 per 100,000

Suicide Deaths Per Year (By Population)

per annum
As a calculation of population size against suicide rate

Eritrea, known officially as the State of Eritrea, is in the Horn of Africa. Eritrea's geographical position makes it one of the countries in the region with a coastline along the Red Sea where it's home to a rich tapestry of ethnic groups, including the Tigrinya, Tigre, and Saho peoples.

Eritrea's religious makeup is equally diverse, with most of the population adhering to Orthodox Christianity and various Protestant denominations. There is a significant Muslim minority, and indigenous African belief systems create a mix of cultures and faiths, contributing to the country's unique identity.

The legal system in Eritrea is based on a combination of Civil Law and Customary Law, which overlap, especially in family matters relating to marriage and inheritance.

Like many other nations, Eritrea inherited colonial-era laws from its historical ruling countries, including Italy. Although suicide was decriminalised in Italy in 1889 the offence has remained in the corpus of other laws around the world.

The World Health Organization (WHO) advocates for the decriminalisation of suicide and suicide attempts. Finding out more and removing such laws removes stigma and allows avenues for providing appropriate mental health support to individuals in crisis.

Criminalising suicide punishes distress. Decriminalising suicide saves lives.

This country profile has been compiled from available research and verified as well as possible. If you wish to supply clarifications, updates, feedback, facts or data, please use the Contact Us form on this page. And if you want your country to take ownership of managing and sharing this information, and progress being made, please register your interest in participating via our Get Involved form.