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Are You In A Crisis Right Now?

Is Suicide Decriminalised?

Has the country decriminalised suicide, with clear legal frameworks and policy positions?


Are Crisis Lines Available?

Is free, confidential support from a helpline or hotline available? Status provided by find a helpline.


National Suicide Prevention Strategy?

Is there a national suicide prevention strategy, such as from the WHO, and does include decriminalisation, if known?


Population in Need of Support Per Year

Based on the WHO likely attempted suicide rate.

As a calculation of population size against suicide rate

Strength Of Support (Local Qualitative Assessment)

Political Support

Civil Society Support

Religious / Cultural Support

Legislative Activity

Suicide Rate Per 100K Per Year, all Sexes (SDG 3.4.2)

per 100,000
WHO 2019 for SDG 3.4.2. Global average 1 per 100,000

Suicide Deaths Per Year (By Population)

per annum
As a calculation of population size against suicide rate

Haiti, officially known as the Republic of Haiti, is home to a rich tapestry of ethnic groups, including people of mixed African and European descent. Located in the Caribbean Sea, Haiti shares the island of Hispaniola with the Dominican Republic, making it the second-largest country in the Caribbean. The country boasts a vibrant cultural scene, with Haitian art, music, and dance playing a pivotal role in the lives of its inhabitants.

Haiti's religious makeup is equally diverse, primarily Christianity, with a significant portion of the population identifying as Roman Catholic and Protestant. There is also a notable presence of Vodou, a belief system that fuses elements of African, indigenous, and Christian religions. This mix of cultures and faiths contributes to Haiti's unique identity.

The legal system in Haiti is a combination of French Civil Law based on the Napoleonic Code and Customary Law, which sometimes overlap, particularly on family matters relating to marriage and inheritance.

Like many other nations, Haiti inherited colonial-era laws from France. Although suicide was decriminalised in France in 1791, the offence has remained in the corpus of other laws around the world.

The World Health Organization (WHO) advocates for the decriminalisation of suicide and suicide attempts. Finding out more and removing such laws removes stigma and allows avenues for providing appropriate mental health support to individuals in crisis.

Criminalising suicide punishes distress. Decriminalising suicide saves lives.

This country profile has been compiled from available research and verified as well as possible. If you wish to supply clarifications, updates, feedback, facts or data, please use the Contact Us form on this page. And if you want your country to take ownership of managing and sharing this information, and progress being made, please register your interest in participating via our Get Involved form.