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Are You In A Crisis Right Now?

Is Suicide Decriminalised?

Has the country decriminalised suicide, with clear legal frameworks and policy positions?


Are Crisis Lines Available?

Is free, confidential support from a helpline or hotline available? Status provided by find a helpline.


National Suicide Prevention Strategy?

Is there a national suicide prevention strategy, such as from the WHO, and does include decriminalisation, if known?


Population in Need of Support Per Year

Based on the WHO likely attempted suicide rate.

As a calculation of population size against suicide rate

Strength Of Support (Local Qualitative Assessment)

Political Support

Civil Society Support

Religious / Cultural Support

Legislative Activity

Suicide Rate Per 100K Per Year, all Sexes (SDG 3.4.2)

per 100,000
WHO 2019 for SDG 3.4.2. Global average 1 per 100,000

Suicide Deaths Per Year (By Population)

per annum
As a calculation of population size against suicide rate

Somalia, officially known as the Federal Republic of Somalia, is located in the Horn of Africa. The nomadic traditions of the Somalis and their vibrant oral storytelling imbue the country with a deep sense of community.

Somalia is primarily Sunni Muslim, followed by a small Sufi Muslim minority.

The legal system combines Islamic law (Sharia), Customary Law (Xeer), and Common Law. These legal systems often overlap, particularly in family, marriage, and inheritance matters.

Like many other nations, Somalia inherited colonial-era laws from the historical ruling countries, primarily Italy and Britain. Suicide was considered a crime at the time, and still remain on the statutes, as stated in the Penal Code Article 437, which reads, "Whoever attempts [16. 17 P.C] to cause his own death by committing an act sufficient to cause it, shall be punished with imprisonment [96 P.C] up to five years or fin [97 P.C] up to Sh. So. 10,000."

The World Health Organization (WHO) advocates for the decriminalisation of suicide and suicide attempts. Finding out more and removing such laws removes stigma and allows avenues for providing appropriate mental health support to individuals in crisis.

Criminalising suicide punishes distress. Decriminalising suicide saves lives.

This country profile has been compiled from available research and verified as well as possible. If you wish to supply clarifications, updates, feedback, facts or data, please use the Contact Us form on this page. And if you want your country to take ownership of managing and sharing this information, and progress being made, please register your interest in participating via our Get Involved form.